Monday, March 10, 2014

History of The World Wide Web - Silver Jubilee Year - 1989 - 2014

12 March 1989

Tim Berners-Lee made a proposal on 12 March 1989 for accessing various files in CERN that grew into the World Wide Web. The  connection between computers for transferring data was done about 20 years back and became the Internet.

At that time, Tim was a software engineer at CERN, the large particle physics laboratory near Geneva, Switzerland. Many scientists participated in experiments at CERN for extended periods of time, then returned to their laboratories around the world. These scientists left a lot data and results on their computers, but accessing them by others was becoming difficult.  Tim proposed a solution to this problem by proposing that from the information in one computer a person can go the information on another computer through a reference. With that idea, subsequently he understood the  potential of millions of computers connected together through the Internet.

Tim's proposal did not elicit instant welcome. But Tim persisted with his idea and by October of 1990, he had specified the three fundamental technologies that remain the foundation of today’s Web.

HTML: HyperText Markup Language. The publishing format for the Web, including the ability to format documents and link to other documents and resources.
URI: Uniform Resource Identifier. A kind of “address” that is unique to each resource on the Web.
HTTP: Hypertext Transfer Protocol. Allows for the retrieval of linked resources from across the Web.

Tim also wrote the first Web page editor/browser (“WorldWideWeb”) and the first Web server (“httpd“). By the end of 1990, the first Web page was served. By 1991, people outside of CERN joined the new Web community. Very important to the growth of the Web, CERN announced in April 1993 that the World Wide Web technology would be available for anyone to use on a royalty-free basis.

Since that time, the Web has changed the world. It has become the most powerful communication medium for publication as well as interaction, the world has ever known. The Web has changed the way we teach and learn, buy and sell, inform and are informed, agree and disagree, share and collaborate, meet and love, and tackle problems ranging from health to elections.

In 1994, Tim founded the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) as a place for stakeholders to reach consensus around the specification and guidelines to ensure that the Web works for everyone and that it evolves in a responsible manner.

In 2005, Tim and colleagues started the Web Science Trust (WST). WST is building an international, multidisciplinary research community to examine the World Wide Web as “humanity connected by technology”. WST brings together computer scientists, sociologists, mathematicians, policy experts, entrepreneurs, decision makers and many others from around the world to better understand today’s Web and to develop solutions to guide the use and design of tomorrow’s Web.

Important Events in History of WWW

1990 December 20

The world's first website goes live at The first web page is


April 30: Cern releases the World Wide Web source code and announces it will be available free of charge. It also releases a basic browser along with a library of code. By the end of the year there are more than 500 web servers, and the web accounts for 1% of internet traffic.


May 25 - 27: First International World-Wide Web conference, held at CERN.

December: By the end of the year there are 10,000 servers, 2,000 of them commercial. There are 10 million users, with traffic, according to CERN.


July 16: Jeff Bezos launches as an online bookshop from computers in his garage in Seattle, Washington.

August 16: Microsoft launches first version of its Internet Explorer web browser.


September 15: is registered as a web domain by Larry Page and Sergey Brin.

Blogger was started by a tiny company in San Francisco called Pyra Labs in August of 1999.

December: AdSense was launched was Applied Semantics

In late 2002 AdSense was relaunched with more success by Applied Semantics

March: Google launched content targeted advertising
April: Google acquired Applied Semantics

February: Harvard psychology student Mark Zuckerberg launches Facebook with his college roommates to connect students at the university.


November: A new video-hosting website called YouTube is launched. It allowed users to upload their own user-generated content.


8 February 2006 (Indian Time) I (Narayana Rao, K.V.S.S) became a blogger

March: Twitter Inc is created by Jack Dorsey, Evan Williams, Biz Stone and Noah Glass as "a text message service that allowed users to quickly communicate with a small group". The first tweet is sent by @Jack on March 21.

30 June:  World Population: 7,017,846,922   - Internet users: 2,405,518,376  Penetration: 34.3%

End 2013 Internet users: 4.354 billion
6.2 billion Google+ buttons
3.459 billion facebook likes everyday

759 million websites
14.3 trillion webpages
48 billion indexed by Google
14 billion indexed by Bing
Global Technology Outlook -IBM for 2013

When did you first publish on world wide web? Write in the comment. Become part of 25 years of history of WWW.

1 comment:

  1. I became Global Number One Individual Knol Author on 3.11.2009